Welcome to Helsinki, Finland
The White City of the North: The Metropolis that has been built in coexistence with nature.
Helsinki, also called the white city of the north, is most beautiful to visit in winter. Modern cafes and exquisite saunas are at every step, so there will be no problem getting warm.
Where is Helsinki?
Helsinki, home to 600,000 people (Great Helsinki over one million and 200,000), is located on the banks of the Gulf of the State. Finland’s geographical position between Sweden and Russia largely determined the fate of the country, and Finns gained independence in 1917, releasing the authorities of the mentioned peoples.
Helsinki distinguishes itself from two other major features: the natural presence of nature and the extremely clear street network, which was formed by two main urban designers Johan Albrecht Ehrenström and Carl Ludvig Engel, leading to the functionalist style of construction. Helsinki was founded in the 16th century as a counterbalance to Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. Today, it has grown into a real, big city, and everything you can do and how best to do it is to find out below.
What to see in Helsinki?
Senate Square is one of the most popular places to visit in the city, because here is the astonishing Helsinki cathedral. This place, together with the surrounding buildings is a perfect example of neoclassical design. In the center of the square is the statue of Emperor Alexander II, an indicator of the imperial relationship between Finland and Russia. Apart from being the main tourist attraction, there are a number of manifestations on this square today.
Just as London and Helsinki have their own wheel, you can enjoy the panorama of the entire city. The ride takes 12 minutes, and costs 12 €.
Nearby the wheel is the Orthodox cathedral Uspenski, which was designed by the Russian architect Gornostajev, and was decorated with Byzantine and Slavic style. The second cathedral worth seeing is certainly that of Helsinki, and it is a Lutheran church that is within, like the other Protestant churches, very modest.
The main feature of the city is the Sibelius monument set in the park of the same name. The monument is dedicated to the Finnish composer Jan Sibelius (Jean Sibelius) who composed poems to maintain the spirit of the Finns who were constantly oppressed by other peoples. The monument was unveiled on September 7, 1967. Huge steel tubes sprays up to 8.5 meters.
Temppeliaukion Kirkko (Church in the Flames) is the most famous Protestant Temple and one of the ten most unusual in the world. It was built in 1969 in the middle of a residential settlement, not to disturb the architectural ambience and also serve as a concert hall. They designed the architects, brothers Timo and Tuomo Suomalainen.
Do you want to visit museums in Helsinki?
It is worth visiting the Museum of Design, as well as the Museum of Contemporary Art. And both contain a number of valuable exhibits that will not disappoint you.
Ateneum Museum of Art – Possesses the largest collection of public art in Finland. This museum displays works by some of the world’s most famous artists. Exhibitions and collections often change, so check out the website and see what’s new.
Folk Museum of Finland – With the permanent collection of the collection divided into 6 segments, the Folk Museum of Finland presents the history of Finnish life from the prairie to the present. Housed in a building designed by architects Herman Gesellius (Herman Gezelius), Armas Lindgren and Eliel Saarinen (Elijel Sarinen) in a national romantic style, the museum opened in 1916. The ceiling in the hall has frescoes of the Finnish folk tale of the Kalevala, painted by Axel Gallen-Kallel (Axel Galen-Kalela) and can be viewed without paying a ticket. In addition to permanent exhibitions and temporary exhibitions, the museum also has an interactive exhibition for children on the 3rd floor of the VINTTI workshop, where younger visitors can practically explore the history of Finnish.
Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art – Located on Mannerheiminaukio (Manerheimenaukio), the museum building was designed by Steven Holl (Stiven Hol), and was opened in 1998. The collection focuses on Finnish and foreign art, especially painting from Scandinavian and Baltic countries and Russia since the 1960s. The museum also has special exhibitions and Kiasma theater, whose program includes dance, drama, music, multimedia, film and video art, as well as seminars, lectures and public hearings.
Do you want to escape the urban crowd?
Be sure to go to the island under the protection of UNESCO, Suomenlinna, which has played an important role in observing enemy ships in history. The tour costs 10 euros.
The Esplanade Park was built in 1800 and is located in the heart of Helsinki. The Esplanade is a beautiful park in the middle of the boulevard leading from the square to the Swedish theater at the beginning of Mannerheimintie Street. It serves as a promenade for tourists and a place where people are reluctant to relax. Park is home to many popular events, including the Marimekko Fashion Show.
To visit and explore Helsinki you need nothing but a comfortable shoe or a bike. The city infrastructure is subordinated to bicyclists.
What to eat in Helsinki?
The Story restaurant menu in the old marketplace changes on a weekly basis, but always has a wonderful and shiny soup of salmon. It’s a bit expensive and costs close to 13 euros, but it’s worth every inch. As for a cozy place to have a drink, be sure to visit Steam Hellsinki, a Victorian-style cafe. Old typing machines, sofas and the entire interior will bring you back to some other time. The bar offers a large number of cocktails, the price of which is 12 euros higher. Let’s go back to some restaurants. If you are looking for real Finnish cuisine, we recommend going to the Savotta restaurant.Here some old Finnish dishes are served, so the experience of this country could be gastronomically complete in this way.
Do you want to go shopping in Helsinki?
Believe it or not, Helsinki is a true paradise for shopping and a fashion capital. Visit the Design District, an area with over 200 designer shops and, of course, spend a lot of money.
Hakaniemi Market Hall; Market Square (Wanha Market Hall) is a popular shopping destination, located close to the square. You can buy everything and is a perfect place to buy when weather conditions are bad because it is indoors.
Near the Senate Square there is a street called the Finci Aleksi, and it is full of shops and market centers. Do not miss to eat or drink something at Eat & Joy or Armas Restaurant. The most popular and newest shopping center is Kamppi, which, beside restaurants and shops, also offers fun at the bowling alley and the nightmare. The largest and most sophisticated department store, not only in Finland, but also throughout Scandinavia, is Stockmann, and recently it has also received a competitor – the Sokos department store.
Nightlife in Helsinki?
Storyville is one of the best clubs in town, and the weekend is full of people who are having fun from dusk to sunset, which is not different in Helsinki due to the night or night phenomena. The A21 Cocktail Lounge is one of the world’s best bars. Stim Helsinki is another bar that offers great cocktails (the cheapest is 12 euros). Otherwise, most nightlife is around Uudenmaankatu and Eerikinkatu where you can go to all the bars. Finns usually love to drink and adore dancing, especially the tango.
From a Swedish fishing village and a small shopping mall, across Russia’s „reserve prestige“ to a modern high-tech town by the sea, in just 500 years Helsinki has gone a long way in the short term, and now it can only serve as a saint to others. It is a wonderful town, and you should visit it.
As usual at the end, here are 10 sentences for communication:
- Hello – Terve, Hyvää päivää, Päivää, Moi, or Hei
- How are you? – Mitä kuuluu? Or Kuinka voit?
- What is your name? – Mikä sinun nimesi on?
- My name is.. – Nimeni on..
- Do you speak English? – Puhutko englantia?
- I don’t understand – En ymmärrä
- How much is this? – Paljonko tämä maksaa?
- Where’s the toilet? – Missä on vessa?
- Thank you – Kiitos , Sorry – Anteeksi
- Please – Pyydän