New Delhi, India
Welcome to New Delhi, India
Delhi is the capital of India since the country gained independence in 1947. Modern Delhi is made up of two cities: Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi was built by Shah Jahan in the 17th century and New Delhi is due to the strong wave of immigrants – from 1991 to 2001.
New Delhi is the national capital and here is the seat of the Government of India.
Where is New Delhi?
New Delhi forms a small part of the Delhi metropolitan area. Since the city is located on the Indo-Gangetic Plain, there is little difference in elevation across the city. New Delhi and surrounding areas were once a part of the Aravali Range; all that is left of those mountains is the Delhi Ridge, which is also called the Lungs of Delhi. While New Delhi lies on the floodplains of the Yamuna River, it is essentially a landlocked city. East of the river is the urban area of Shahdara.
What to see in New Delhi?
Red Fort – Fort of New Delhi known as Lal Qila, meaning Red Fort and it is under the protection of UNESCO. Red fort and city Shahjahanabad was built by Mughal emperor of India, Shah Jahan in 1639. Red Castle is organized to retain and integrate this site with Salimgarh fortress. Planning and design of the Red Fort represent the zenith of Mughal creativity, which is prevalent in the region of Emperor Shah Jahan. Red Fort shows a very high level of art form and ornamental work.Artwork in the fort is a synthesis of Persian, European and Indian art, resulting in the development of unique Shah Jahan style, very rich in form, expression and color.
Humayun’s Tomb – This is a complex of buildings in Mughal architecture, which includes the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, as well as many others. The complex is under the protection of UNESCO and is the first example of this type of Mughal architecture in India. This style mausoleum is the same as the style which made the Taj Mahal in Agra. The tomb of Humayun was built by order of Hamid Banu Begum, Humayun’s widow, and construction began in 1562.
Qutub Minar – Kutub Minar is the tallest minaret in the world built of bricks and an important example of Indo-Islamic architecture. The tower is located in Qutub (Kutub) complex. Kutub Minar and its monuments, are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Qutub Minar is 72,5m high and has 399 steps leading to the top. In the past, this space occupied Jain temples, which was about 20. It is also in the Kutub complex of the Iron pillar. This is one of the most important metallurgical curiosities in the world. Pillar is high nearly seven meters and weigh more than six tons, erected by Chandragupta II (wandered).Lift consisting of 98% pure cast iron quality and evidence of a high level skill ancient Indian blacksmith iron, in its exploitation and processing. Attracted the attention of archaeologists and metallurgists, because resist corrosion for the last 1600 years, despite harsh weather.
Old Fort – known as Qila turkey (turkey hernia), and one of the most famous of Delhi. It represents the oldest historical site. The fortress was built in the sixteenth century by the founder of the dynasty Sur, Sher Shah Suri. Unique mogul-Hindu-Afghan architecture of the fortress, it is a popular tourist destination.
The Mogul garden – Mughal garden was designed by Edwin Lutyens for Lady Harding. The garden was designed in the Mughal style with a mix of British style and covers an area of 6 hectares. Decorated with channels in the Mughal style, terraces and fountains, Mogul garden represents a circular garden. It has four watercourses with beautiful fountains, in places where they intersect.
Lodhi Gardens – Includes architectural works of Sayyid and Lodhi dynasty that ruled much of northern India during the sixteenth century. Gardens are situated between Khan Market and the Safdarjung (Safdarjung Enclave) tomb in Lodhi road. These gardens were set in 1936, about four monuments erected during the Lodhi dynasty, the last Sultan of Delhi.
Jantar Mantar – Represents a collection of thirteen architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II from 1724 onwards. Shadows of these instruments were previously used to calculate the time, the lunar and solar calendars, and all with an amazing degree of accuracy. Jai Sing later had another similar observatory, now known under the same name, which was made for him in Jaipur.
India Gate – Located at Rajpath in New Delhi, India Gate is a monument built by Edwin Lütjens in memory of the Indian soldiers who died in the First World War and the wars in Afghanistan. The names of the soldiers who died in these wars are inscribed on the walls. Was completed in 1931. Since 1971, burning underneath Amar Jawan Jyoti (the flame of the immortal warrior), which marks the tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
Lotus Temple – Bahai temple, popularly known as the Lotus Temple, the Bahai temple and prominent attraction of Delhi. It was completed in 1986. Inspired by the lotus flower, its design consists of 27 free-standing, marble coated with the petals, which are grouped in a cluster to form a nine-page with three petals. It was designed by the Iranian architect named Fariborz Sahba.
Connaught Place (Connacht BC Place) – The largest financial, commercial and business center of Delhi. Located in the heart of New Delhi, the seat of the few Indian companies. He is immediately recognizable on every map of Delhi, as the large circle in the middle, with radial roads, spreading in all directions like a wire to a point.
Do you want to visit museums in New Delhi?
Kiran Nadar Museum of Art- Established at the initiative of avid art collector Kiran Nadar, KNMA opened in January 2010, as the first private museum of Art, exhibiting Modern and Contemporary works from India and the subcontinent.
India Habitat Centre – This center though not a museum in the strictest sense of the word, is most noted for its ever-changing art exhibits, plays and films, as well as an international selection of food items in its food court.
National Science Centre – Although the name is too grand, the museum is definitely a must see for science enthusiasts, especially those who are young. A good place to refresh your basics, particularly in Physics.
Nehru Memorial Museum – Former residence of India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, now a museum of his life.
National Railway Museum – houses a collection of Indian trains from the past to the present – a worthwhile look into India’s proud railway heritage. The collection includes carriages belonging to Indian potentates and British viceroys. Children can ride the small train that circumnavigates the museum.
Do you want to visit the parks, and enjoy the nature of New Delhi?
Delhi, the national capital of India, has very popular gardens located in it. Few of the name are Mughal Garden, Garden of Five Senses and other. New Delhi offers something for every taste, also green parks and powerful nature scenes.
Do you like shopping? New Delhi can offer more then you think
New Delhi has lot of shopps and malls, some of them are: DLF Emporio, Pacific, DLF Promenade, Select CityWalk, MGF Metropolitan, & DLF Place Malls, Ambience Mall.
Sarojini Nagar Market, Reputed to be the largest outdoor, pedestrianized shopping area in Delhi. Karol Bagh, Reputed to be the largest shopping area in Asia with 20,000 shops and traders. Ansal Plaza, Mall and a favorite shopping haunt for the local middle/upper class and it is in South Delhi.
What to eat in New Delhi?
The food will satisfy even the most demanding gourmet. Delhi has arguably the best street food in India. You can join local groups of foodies who go out regularly to sample and savor what new and old dishes the city has to offer. One of the most active groups is Food Enthusiasts of Delhi. If walking around looking for good food is not your thing, have a look at some of the Delhi-centric food and eating out blogs, such as Dilli Daawat.
Nighlife in New Delhi? No problem.
There are plenty of clubs, bars and coffe shops you can visit. For example there are: Xes Cafe, Aqua, Orange, IndoChine’s Forbidden City, Elevate Nightclub, Urban Pind, The Other Side, and much more other for every taste.
Do not worry about the language and the communication. The native language of the Delhi area is Hindi, which also happens to be the main official language of the Union Government. However, English is more widely used than HindiHowever, most educated people will also be fluent in English, and many shopkeepers and taxi drivers will have a functional command of English.
All in all, Delhi is worth traveling. It offers so much, something for every taste. You will always have something new to see and explore. If you think about visiting New Delhi do it! You will not regret it. The diffrent culture, kind people, good food, better music, and the fantastic atmosphere, will make you feel welcome.