Welcome to Rome, Italy
Rome is a special comune and the capital of Italy. Rome is known as the “Eternal city” and also “Caput Mundi,” coming from Latin and meaning capital of the world. If you want to read something more about Rome, or if you plan a trip, then you are on the right site. Read and enjoy!
WHERE IS ROME ?
The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber. The Vatican City is an independent country geographically located within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as the capital of two states. The Rome of the Kings was built on seven hills: the Aventine Hill, the Caelian Hill, the Capitoline Hill, the Esquiline Hill, the Palatine Hill, the Quirinal Hill, and the Viminal Hill. Modern Rome is also crossed by another river, the Aniene, which flows into the Tiber north of the historic centre.
Every night at the Trevi Fountain about 3,000 Euros are swept up from the bottom of the basin. The money is donated to Caritas, a catholic charity, who uses the money to provide services for needy families in Rome.
WHAT TO SEE IN ROME ?
The Colosseum is a must see in Rome. Rome’s great gladiatorial arena is the most thrilling of the city’s ancient sights. The arena was originally named after Vespasian’s family (Flavian), and although it was Rome’s most fearsome arena, it wasn’t the biggest – the Circo Massimo could hold up to 250,000 people. The name Colosseum, when introduced in medieval times, was not a reference to its size but to the Colosso di Nerone, a giant statue of Nero that stood nearby.
Pantheon, A striking 2000-year-old church, originally built as a temple, the Pantheon is the best preserved of Rome’s ancient monuments and one of the most influential buildings in the Western world.
Catacombe di San Sebastiano, these underground burial chambers were the first to be called catacombs – the name was derived from the Greek kata (near) and kymbas (cavity), because they were located near a cave. They were heavily developed from the 1st century and during the persecutor reign of Vespasian, they provided a safe haven for the remains of Saints Peter and Paul.
St Peter’s Basilica, Italy’s largest, richest and most spectacular basilica. Built atop an earlier 4th-century church, it was completed in 1626 after 120 years’ construction.
The Roman Forum was ancient Rome’s showpiece center, a grandiose district of temples, basilicas and vibrant public spaces.
Palatino is is an atmospheric area of towering pine trees, majestic ruins and memorable views. It was here that Romulus supposedly founded the city in 753 BC and Rome’s emperors lived in unabashed luxury. Look out for the stadio (stadium), the ruins of the Domus Flavia (imperial palace), and grandstand views over the Roman Forum from the Orti Farnesiani.
Piazza Navona is central Rome’s elegant showcase square. Built over the 1st-century Stadio di Domiziano, it was paved over in the 15th century and for almost 300 years hosted the city’s main market. Its grand centerpiece is Bernini’s Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, an ornate, showy fountain featuring personifications of the rivers Nile, Ganges, Danube and Plate.
Basilica di San Paolo Fuori le Mura. The largest church in Rome after St Peter’s (and the world’s third-largest), this magnificent basilica stands on the site where St Paul was buried after being decapitated in AD 67. Built by Constantine in the 4th century, it was largely destroyed by fire in 1823 and much of what you see is a 19th-century reconstruction.
Trevi Fountain, scene of Anita Ekberg’s dip in La Dolce Vita, is a flamboyant baroque ensemble of mythical figures and wild horses. It takes up the entire side of the 17th-century Palazzo Poli. A Fendi-sponsored restoration finished in 2015, and the fountain now gleams brighter than it has for years.
IF YOU LIKE ART
Vatican Museums, boast one of the world’s greatest art collections. Exhibits, which are displayed along about 7km of halls and corridors, range from Egyptian mummies and Etruscan bronzes to ancient busts, old masters and modern paintings.
Museo e Galleria Borghese, it boasts paintings by Caravaggio, Raphael, and Titian, as well as some sensational sculptures by Bernini. The museum’s collection was formed by Cardinal Scipione Borghese (1579–1633), the most knowledgeable and ruthless art collector of his day.
Capitoline Museums are the world’s oldest public museums. Their collection of classical sculpture is one of Italy’s finest, including crowd-pleasers such as the iconic Lupa capitolina (Capitoline Wolf), a sculpture of Romulus and Remus under a wolf, and the Galata morente (Dying Gaul), a moving depiction of a dying Gaul warrior. There’s also a formidable picture gallery with masterpieces by the likes of Titian, Tintoretto, Rubens and Caravaggio.
Galleria Doria Pamphilj, this wonderful gallery boasts one of Rome’s richest private art collections, with works by Raphael, Tintoretto, Brueghel, Titian, Caravaggio, Bernini and Velázquez.
DO YOU LIKE NATURE ?
Villa Borghese, originally the 17th-century estate of Cardinal Scipione Borghese, it covers about 80 hectares of wooded glades, gardens and grassy banks. Among its attractions are several excellent museums, the landscaped Giardino del Lago, and Piazza di Siena, a dusty arena used for Rome’s top equestrian event in May.
Pincio Hill Gardens, It’s quite a climb up from the piazza, but at the top you’re rewarded with lovely views over to St Peter’s and the Gianicolo Hill. Alternatively, you can approach from the top of the Spanish Steps.
NIGHT LIFE IN ROME
When it comes to having a good time, the locals in Rome really know how to party. Testaccio is a mecca for nightclubs and when Romans want to party, they head over to this neighborhood. Akab is one of the most popular dance clubs in the area. Meanwhile, in Ostiense, Vinile is one of the most popular with the locals and back in the Centro Storico, Shari Vari Playhouse keeps night revellers shaking their things on the dance floor into the wee hours of the night. Salotto 42 is a posh place to hang out with friends over a glass of wine. The bohemians and artsy crowd gather nightly at Freni e Frizioni in Trastevere.
WHAT TO EAT IN ROME ?
Pizza Bianca, literally translated as “white pizza”, this foccacia style pizza bread can be found in all bakeries in Rome.Fritti from baccala (salt cod) to fiori di zucca (zucchini flowers), to seafood to suppli’ (fried rice balls) in Rome fried foods reign supreme.
Carbonara for Roman’s the favorite.Pizza Roman Style and Quinto Quarto has its origins in the Testaccio neighbourhood in Rome, which during most of the 20th century housed the largest slaughterhouse in Europe.
If you like history, art, good food, cool people, you should visit Rome. It has a special soul, and you will enjoy every second. Rome inspires all of us and we have to live it with all our senses. Every inch of this city has hundreds of years of history, waiting for to be explored by you. You just have to get lost in the streets and enjoy it with your soul. Rome is magnificent. It’s a great place to visit. Just for a vacation or a new beginning.
As usual at the end, here are 10 sentences for communication:
- Do you speak English? – Parla Inglese?
- I don’t speak Italian – Non parlo Italiano
- I don’t understand – Non capisco
- Where is the toilet? – Dov’ è il bagno?
- Good morning – Buonamattina, Goodbye – Arrivederci
- I am sorry – Mi scusi ,Thank you – Grazie
- You are welcome – Prego
- Yes – Si, No – no
- My name is… – Mi chiamo..
- Hello – Buongiorno